In the architecture studio where I teach (editor's note: at HKU), we focus a lot on housing and especially the second semester is dedicated to traditional architecture in rural China. This is something that has to do a lot with crafts, with vernacular architecture, with natural materials and on the other side I work with robots and state-of-the-art technology, and so it begs the question: Is there any kind of connection between the two or are these completely separate entities that I am working with? My personal view on this is that there is no such thing as going only one way in the 21st century. Right now, everything is possible at the same time. We have rural areas where architecture is very traditional and we have robots; we have all these kinds of different environments, but I think right now the best architects are the ones who are capable of mixing all these things together. Throughout history, the best architects were the ones who were generalists. An architect needs to be a craftsman, engineer, artist and psychologist – you need to have an understanding of social situations, of people and what people need. The fact that we now have AR, AI, robots and all these kinds of tools, this is all they are: tools. Therefore, as architects, as designers, we are still the ones who control them and still the ones who kind of make them form decisions. Even if it is machine learning, we are the ones who are feeding the input, so we are still the generators. I think it's not really a limitation that we have robots, if a robot becomes a limitation, it is because it is not used in the right way; as long as we take control and we understand these are just tools that we are using – maybe to improve or to optimise our workflow – we have an even broader range of design parameters to work with rather than being limited.