You've been regarding the current situation as a wake up call for the necessity of transitioning towards a truly digital world. How do you think this transition will materialize in domains such as healthcare or even construction, what will the area of expertise be for the future professionals of such domains?
It is evident that the corona crisis has proven what has been said for 20-30 years, that the standardised, mass produced modes of production of modernity are wasteful. The mass customised approach of the digital world is more respectful of human resources, of material resources, and of energy. The entire mentality of modernity predicated on the assumption that resources are unlimited. That transportation cost nothing. And that energy is available at zero cost and forever. These premises are not true anymore. We now know that resources are limited.
The typical modernist approach to the problem of making a teapot is to standardise the teapot, conceive a universal teapot, and then build a colossal, humongous factory in any place where clay is cheap and labor is cheap. To build this universal factory for the global teapot, and the factory makes gazillion teapots a day and then from there teapots get distributed around the world.
But during the lockdown factories around the world shut down. And the network of global transportation, on which the entirety of our life depends, froze. In the space of one weekend in March, all the airports shut down. Which means that in Europe we thought "Well we don't need to produce facemasks because we can import them from China" - from the moment when the flights from China were stopped we ran out of face masks because import was no longer possible. So this idea of the global transportation chain during the lockdown airports shut down globally, factories shut down globally, but small robotic factories or the local fablabs kept functioning.